ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI PDF

ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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Journal of Near Eastern Studies.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

Nasr, “An introduction to Islamic cosmological doctrines: Born in the city of Kheva near “Ural” in A. The result of his discovery of radius measurement was due to Biruni’s arduous research about the earth.

He stated that he was al-boruni objective in his writings, remaining unbiased like a proper historian should. Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars.

Please raihann this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. Your contribution may be further raihwn by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. But, he did note how some of the accounts of information that he was given by natives of the land may not have been reliable in terms of complete accuracy, however, he did try to be as honest as possible in his writing.

Al-Biruni – Wikiquote

He observed that flowers have 3,4,5,6, or 18 petals, but never 7 or 9. Al-Biruni divides Hindus into an educated and an uneducated class. My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts. Sparavigna, published in ijsciences, http: He capped that particular discussion with a solution to the rather sophisticated spherical trigonometric problem of determining the direction of Mecca along the local horizon at Ghazna.

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His other scientific contributions include the accurate determination of the densities of 18 different stones. Frederick 12 December By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known. Their court at Gorganj also in Khwarezm was gaining fame for its gathering of brilliant scientists.

In both cases he treated these matters with a scientific objectivity that matches the modern explanation.

Al-Biruni collected books and studied with these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as practiced in 11th-century India. Retrieved 22 June Byzantine science Chinese astronomy Medieval European science Indian astronomy. Less than one fifth of his books survived, wbu others lost along the years.

He also used it to detail longitudes and latitudes on Earth and discussed the formation of mountains Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions to physics, where he unified statistics and dynamics in the science of mechanics. Al-Biruni also riahan the geography of India in his work. He treated religions objectively, striving to understand them on their own terms rather than trying to prove them wrong.

Instead, he decided to document the more civilian and scholarly areas of Hindu life such as culture, science, and religion. Biruni also employed astronomy in the determination of his theories, which were complex mathematical equations and scientific calculation that allows one to convert dates and years between the different calendars.

He died in A. The dispassionate account of Arihan given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist….

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Al-Biruni biography

Al-Biruni wrote about the peoples, customs and religions of the Indian subcontinent. Additionally, he chronicled stories of Indian rulers and told of how they ruled over their people with their beneficial actions and acted in the interests of the nation.

Little is known of his early life. In his search for…. He learnt Hindu philosophy, mathematics, geography and religion from thre Pandits to whom he taught Greek and Arabic science and philosophy.

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Biruni’s most important work was a major pharmacopoeiathe “Kitab al-saydala fi al-tibb” Book on the Pharmacopoeia of Medicinedescribing essentially all the medicines known in his time.

These descriptions are useful to today’s modern historians because they are able to use Biruni’s scholarship to locate certain destinations in modern-day India. He is known as al-Ustdadh, ‘the Master’. A Persian by birth, a rationalist in disposition, this contemporary of Avicenna and Alhazen not only studied history, philosophy, and geography in depth, but wrote one of the most comprehensive Muslim astronomical treatises, the Qanun Al-Masu’di.

In our time the word is pronounced Biruni or Beeroonie. Later years and significance In Islamic world: Historians are able to make some matches while also concluding that certain areas seem to have disappeared and been replaced with different cities.