Philip M. Raup; Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, . Gerschenkron (), a differential behaviour in terms of accumulation, () emphasis on the fact that countries which had a late start would follow a. Gerschenkron, Alexander, , Economic Backwardness in Historical. Perspective.***. Lecture Three: Other Industrialized Countries than Britain. I. U.S.

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For those who went gerschdnkron in the field more seriously, the regular evening seminar became the focus. CambridgeMassachusettsUnited States. Success was indicated by proportionally more rapid growth in later developers, signaled by a decisive spurt in industrial expansion.

But the important novelty, and a decisive point in his career, was the invitation from Charles Gulick, a Berkeley professor whom he had earlier helped in his research in Austria, to come to the United States.

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Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

Gerschenkron had a profound influence on his students. But his performance at the gymnasium was not going well, until he encountered his future wife, Erica. That challenge was overcome, months later when he easily gained admission. Gerschenkron was known as an extremely bright scholar.

He provided no topic, no suggestion of sources, no regular guidance, no timetable for conclusion. Should one engage in significant land reform? It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. He believes the Germans should include this program of the agricultural adjustment plan in the peace treaties and entrust its execution and supervision to an international economic agency.

In a celebrated article, he found the Gerschenkron effect changing the base year for an index determines the growth rate of the index. Long-standing friendships were broken, as with John Kenneth Galbraith. He flourished as the doyen of economic history in the United States. To be eligible gerschejkron the Alexander Gerschenkron Prize, you must have received your Ph. No eBook available Amazon. The course was just the introduction. Portrait of an Exceptional Character. Ashamed, yes; angry, no.


At the Federal Reserve, he established himself as an expert on the Soviet economy. In that interval, beyond continuing his efforts with Gulick, he also assisted Howard Ellis and Jack Condliffe. They also obtained a father figure whom they desperately sought to imitate in their own scholarship and subsequent teaching. I summarize it here in four hypotheses:.

Sign In or Create an Account. Alexandrr in life he would pick up languages with ease—Swedish one week, Bulgarian the next. At least Berkeley provided a place for him to return, as he did in September The collection of essays under review, which opens with the backwardness thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections gercshenkron Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance.

His seminar then, and the availability of fellowship support, attracted several Harvard students, and even some from neighboring MIT, to work in the field. There were no equivalent stages of economic growth in all participants.

For the small crop gercshenkron students who wrote with gerschenkro over more than a decade went alexandwr to leadership as the field of economic history was just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one.

Market criteria have dominated, as even a casual look at real interest rates within developing countries suggests. Should one opt against the gerschnkron of increasing globalization, and return to the industrial protection and import substitution of the past?

But the very effort to construct an explicit, and testable, model is what differentiates him from his contemporaries.

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Alexander Gerschenkron

Retrieved April 18, In his essay, he mostly discusses Britain, Germany and Russia. The essay deals with gerschrnkron backwardness”, and argued that the more backward an economy is at the outset of economic development, the more likely certain conditions are to occur. From Habsburg to Hitler. His acceptance marked the real beginning of his academic career that subsequently was to flourish over the rest of his life.


Rarer still is the doctoral student in economic history who remains uninfluenced by his beguiling hypotheses about the process of historical change within Europe since the Industrial Revolution. Close mobile search navigation Article navigation. Perhaps the greatest one, however, was his inability to publish the great work, gerachenkron big book that would summarize his brilliant insights into the process of European industrial change, the book that could and would influence political scientists and economists for generations to come.

The considerable appeal of the Gerschenkron model derives not only from its logical and consistent ordering of the nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century European experience. Failure of economic development to become a global process, as it appeared to do in the s, and for broad convergence in per capita income levels to occur, now constitutes a major intellectual and practical challenge. Gerschenkron understands that the establishment of democracy in Germany depends on numerous factors, and in his book he specifically deals with one aspect of the problem, the position of the Junkers and the agricultural policy in its relation to democracy.

And more recently, with the rise of political economy as a field, his work is widely assigned as required reading. Agricultural and Applied Economics Association members Sign in via society site. His theory of economic backwardness contrasts strongly with other uniform stages theories, in particular Rostow’s stages of growth.

His third great contribution came through his students. A quick measure of his current influence is the almost Google references that turn up with the entry of his name.