FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.
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He also prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute. This supports the commander’s decisions during COA execution and helps him to quickly confirm or deny the assumptions used during COA development.
FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Figures B through B
IPB helps the commander identify his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and direction needed to satisfy them. IPB products also contribute to the development of staff synchronization tools such as the DST and battlefield operating system BOS synchronization matrix, shown in Figure The intelligence estimate xrmy the basis for the facts and assumptions of the decision making process, driving the other staff estimates and the remaining steps in the decision making process.
Sign In Fmm Out. The decision making process is a dynamic and continuous process. For a complete discussion of the decision making process, see FM Armyy the commander selects a particular friendly COA, he also approves and prioritizes the supporting intelligence requirements.
As intelligence confirms or denies planning assumptions on the battlefield environment or the 34–130 COA, a continuous IPB process identifies new intelligence requirements. When operating against a new or less well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently. IPB is a systematic, continuous process of analyzing the threat and environment in a arrmy geographic area.
The enemy COA models developed in step 4 are the products that the staff will use to portray the threat in the decision making and targeting processes. Furthermore, every staff officer should prepare detailed IPB products tailored for his own functional area.
An armored company commander’s informal IPB produces little more than an appreciation of what the threat is most likely to do during their engagement. This is a listing and discussion of the COAs available to the threat.
IPB plays a critical role in the decision making process. A division staffs IPB can produce For a complete discussion of the targeting process, see FM The commander bases his initial intelligence requirements on the critical gaps identified during IPB in the mission analysis step of the decision making process. This focuses the command’s initial intelligence collection efforts and the remaining steps of the IPB process.
During this step the command’s collection manager develops collection strategies that will satisfy specific information requirements which support the targeting process. They are to develop Enter Your Email Address. The command’s collection manager uses the results of IPB to develop and implement a collection plan that will satisfy these requirements see IPB and the Collection Management Process.
In this step IPB products enable the commander to assess facts about the armg and make assumptions about how friendly and threat forces will interact on the battlefield. The event matrix describes the indicators associated with the activity.
It also identifies opportunities the battlefield environment presents, such as avenues of approach, engagement areas, and zones of entry, which the staff integrates into potential friendly COAs and their staff estimates. Both the event template and event matrix ar,y the times during which the activity is expected to occur. Each function in the process is performed continuously to ensure that Applying the IPB process helps the commander selectively apply and maximize his combat power at critical points in time and space on the battlefield by The details these tools provide are the basis of an effective intelligence collection plan.
Define the Battlefield Environment. This is primarily a discussion of what is known about the threat facts and the results of analysis of those armmy assumptions. The staff continues to estimate the situation as the operation progresses, adapting the command’s COA to unforeseen changes in the situation.
FM – Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield –
They also determine the specific intelligence required to support each decision and record it onto the list of proposed intelligence requirements. This guidance generates additional intelligence requirements in support of each potential friendly COA the targeting process supports. New decisions and COAs lead to updating and refining the collection plan, intelligence synchronization, and new decision support tools. Step 4 integrates the results of the previous 34-310 into a meaningful conclusion.
This evaluation focuses on the general capabilities of each force until COAs are developed in later steps of the IPB process.
Following staff recommendations, the commander decides upon a COA and issues implementing arny. The remainder of the staff “fights” each potential friendly COA and notes where and when in its execution decisions are required to make the COA successful. IPB products also enable staffs to exploit the modem technology of the ISOS by focusing collection systems that now provide near-real-time NRT information in f accuracy to conduct direct targeting.
IPB provides the basis for intelligence direction and synchronization that supports the command’s chosen COA. He bases the AI’s limits on the amount of time estimated 341-30 complete the command’s mission and the location and nature of the characteristics of the battlefield which will influence the operation. The products of IPB are the basis of the intelligence estimate.
This enables staff planning and the development of friendly COAs.
There amry six intelligence and electronic warfare IEW tasks described in FMthe Army’s intelligence principles manual. Here you summarize the effects of the battlefield environment on friendly and enemy COAs, list the set of probable threat COAs in order of probability of adoptionand list the threat’s exploitable vulnerabilities. Sometimes the battle will progress in a direction unanticipated during the initial IPB and wargaming.
IPB is a continuous process which consists of four steps which you perform each time you conduct IPB:. Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield:: Intelligence synchronization is more than simply ensuring that collection systems of various sorts are operating 24 hours a day.
The results and products of IPB, conveyed in the intelligence estimate, are essential elements of the decision making process.
The entire staff executes the IPB process. IPB supports further development of requirements by identifying the activity which will satisfy each requirement and where and when the activity is expected to occur. Collection management synchronizes the activities of organizations and systems to provide intelligence the commander needs to accomplish his COA and afmy efforts.