BATTLE OF HYDASPES PDF

A few points to note, assuming Alexander won. 1. Alexander, after defeating Porus, impressed by him makes him the governor of all his territories in India. Hydaspes (Old Indian Vitaçtā, modern Jhelum): river in Pakistan, famous for a battle of Alexander the Great. Hydaspes, possible location of the. After destroying the last remnants of the Persian army at Gaugamela, Alexander spent the next two years occupying the heartlands of central Asia. Continuing.

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Battle of the Hydaspes – Wikipedia

The Indian war elephants were heavily armoured and had castle-like howdahs on their back carrying a trio of archers and hydaspez men. The elephants were eventually repulsed and fled back to their own lines.

Alexander then sulked like Achilles in his tent for three days, refusing to admit even his most trusted soldiers, the Companions, hoping the withdrawal of his affections would bring the men around.

In other words, the conquering hero claimed that he had created the rainfalls that had so greatly helped the Macedonian victory.

The army reached the banks of the Hyphasis Beas River in July. While advancing along the Hydaspes, Raja began to witness enemy troops appearing in the distance. Night was falling, and his men were exhausted.

November Learn how and when to remove this template message. A Macedonian king was still very much an Indo-European war chieftain whose position was more first among equals than absolute master.

A painting by Andre Castaigne depicting the phalanx attacking the centre at Hydaspes. Armed with this information Porus ordered his son Raja to take command of a force consisting of 3, cavalry and chariots to march out and investigate.

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Alexander proceeded along the river, downstream, towards Porus’ army. For the first time, the Macedonians had not rushed where hyxaspes led. The Scythians were the newest addition to his elite units, having demonstrated their worth at the Hydaspes.

At the river junction, he halted the fleet for repairs and concentrated his forces coming by land. At last, the pragmatist in him won out.

Porus perceived his opponent’s manoeuvre and sent a hydas;es cavalry and chariot force under his son, also named Porus, to fight them off, hoping that he would be able to prevent his crossing.

Below him, his Guards stood transfixed in horror. Very recently in June this year, India became the fourth largest country with Rather hydasppes wait for Perdiccas, he ordered ladders brought up. The surviving animals had suffered deep multiple wounds and began refusing their drivers orders to advance choosing instead to slowly back away from the fighting.

Battle of the Hydaspes

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of He would later say that he calculated that the greatest danger was to stay where he was, while jumping back would accomplish nothing.

Macedonian, 1, of 41,; Indian, 12, dead and 9, captured of 50, The war elephants now advanced against the Macedonian cavalry, only to be confronted by the Macedonian phalanx. He pursued the Mallians who had crossed the Hydraotes and established a strong position on the western bank. So much so that when a city was finally captured Alexander felt he had no choice but to set an example by having entire populace including the woman and children put to the sword.

Bashar al-Assad, faced an unprecedented challenge to its…. Invasion of India In ancient Greek civilization: This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat In June Alexander fought his last great battle on the left bank of the Hydaspes. Alexander now arrived were Porus once stood, he then ordered his rear guard on the other bank to ford the river and rejoin the main army. His feared Companion cavalry was unable to subdue fully the courageous King Porus.

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The state of Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of uranium in India. If you wish to go home, you are at liberty to do so — and you may tell your people there that you deserted your King in the midst of his enemies. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. However, he crossed the swollen river during a heavy storm, without sending scouts previously. Porus himself failed to take the initiative, mainly trying to counter his opponent’s moves.

Hydaspes Rivermodern-day Punjab ProvincePakistan. Inat the great Battle of the Hydaspes Jhelumhe defeated the Indian king Porus in the first major battle in which he faced a force of elephants. Alexander did nothing more than accept the proffered tribute and hostages. Battle of the Hydaspesbcefourth and last pitched battle fought by Alexander the Great during his campaign of conquest in Asia.

Battle of Hydaspes | Summary |

Views Read View source View history. During a stormy night, Alexander and his army slipped away from the Jhelum through a hidden valley, out of sight of Porus. Both peoples were led not by kings but by Brahmin elites.