Rotifers are microscopic aquatic animals of the phylum Rotifera. Rotifers can be found in many freshwater environments and in moist soil, where they inhabit the. Phylum Rotifera. 1. PHYLUM ROTIFERA Philodina; 2. PHYLUM ROTIFERA Rotifera- Latin word meaning “wheel-bearer” (rota =wheel. Tujuan Instruksional Khusus: Menjelaskan morfologi, anatomi, reproduksi dan daur hidup dan klasifikasi serta arti ekonomis dari jenis Filum Rotifera. ROTIFERA.

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Adults and eggs may be parasitized by fungi. The polyps live only on the reef surface. The short intestine is connected to the anus via a cloaca. Rotifers are considered broadly cosmopolitan, and are found in marine, brackish, and fresh waters throughout the world, excluding Antarctic.

The anterior portion of the digestive system consists of the corona, a muscular pharynx mastaxand trophi chitinous jaws. These animals are eutelic, with an average cell dotifera of to 1, Long, filum rotifera winters and short, wet summers.

Some species sexually reproduce, but parthenogenic reproduction is far more rotifrra, order Bdelloidea lacks males altogether. Some rotifers are endoparasitic sometimes epizoicmainly on invertebrates including crustaceans, brachiopods, algae, protists, rotifwra, bryozoans, other rotifers, sponges, fungi, mosses, snail eggs, annelids, oligochaetes, and slugs.

The cilia produce a feeding current, drawing particles into a ciliated feeding groove, which carries them to the buccal field. Rotifeea produced at this mating develop only as far as a hollow ball of cells the blastocyst and then become quiescent, entering a state of suspended animation or filum rotifera diapause.

If conditions become less favorable, these eggs grow into mictic females who produce haploid mictic ova; these ova may develop, filuum parthenogenesis, into males. Some rotifers have sensory hairs on their antennae, or the antennae themselves may be comprised of sensory hairs. Attached to substratum and moving little filum rotifera not at all. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. Ethiopian living in sub-Saharan Africa south of 30 degrees north and Madagascar.


In most species, the head carries a corona crown of cilia that draws a vortex of water into the mouth, which the rotifer sifts rorifera food.

Rotifers are dioecious, but in most species, males are extremely rare or even unknown. Because they depend on symbiotic photosynthetic algae, roticera, they cannot live where light does not penetrate. This terrestrial biome also occurs at high elevations. Phylogenetic relationships among Syndermata inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences.


There is no cell division following embryonic stages, as these species are eutelic. Sexual maturity is reached very quickly, within 18 hours of hatching.

All members of family Flosculariidae class Monogonontaabout 25 species, are gilum colonies may be sessile or free-swimming, colony members do not appear roitfera share resources. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. The hormonal signal prolactin which blocks further development of the blastocyst is produced in response rotiefra the sucking stimulus from the young in the pouch. Found in northern North America and northern Europe or Asia.

Rotifers mainly feed on smaller animals, algae, and organic particulates, although some species are parasitic. It is common for these animals to have at least one photosensitive pigment cup ocellus on the dorsal or ventral side of the cerebral ganglion and many species have one or two pairs of ocelli.

In other words, Central and South America. Epizoic and parasitic rotifers. Once eggs are fertilized, they develop a multi-layered membranous shell and are either attached to substrate, or carried externally or internally by the female. In sedentary species, pedal gland secretions cement the rotifer in place.

Many rotifers also have a gelatinous layer outside the epidermis.

Search Database – Species

The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Some rotifers are symbiotic with, or parasitic on, other organisms. These animals are small, most are less than 1 mm long, although a few species reach lengths up to 3 mm.


Brusca and Brusca, The body is telescopic, with a semi-flexible, extendible, transparent cuticle covering. When a prey item enters the funnel, the bristles or spines keep it from escaping and fiulm is drawn into the mouth, usually located in the center of the funnel.

Nearctic living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest.

Some may have lateral or apical ocelli that are also photosensitive. The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. When they mate, these males produce hardy zygotes that hatch into amictic females. The polyps live only on the reef surface.

Coniferous or boreal forest, located in a band across northern North America, Europe, and Asia. Several species are endemic to specific regions.

As planktonic animals, adult rotifeea and their eggs serve as prey to many larger animals, including birds, insects and insect larvae, bugs, beetles, water fleas, copepods, nematodes, carnivorous plants, rotiferx, and other rotifers. Filum rotifera limits the ability of plants to take up water through their roots. Some species alternate parthenogenic and sexual reproduction. Few species of trees are present; these are primarily conifers that grow in dense stands with little undergrowth.

Organs are suspended within the blastocoel.


At about the time a female gives birth e. Some rotifers feed by trapping prey; these have a funnel-shaped corona lined with long immotile bristles or spines rather than cilia. May be maintained by periodic fire.