HISTORY OF BAALBEK ALOUF PDF

History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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In fact, the largest Roman temples ever built were not in Rome, but were found at Baalbek. Far off in Hell. It was said that Isis took ‘refuge’ presumably at the point in the story when the king and queen of Byblos discover she is daily incinerating their child on a blazing fire!

Only one account of Lebanon’s mythical origins has been left to posterity, and this is the work of Sanchoniathoa Phoenician historian born either in Berytus Beirut or Tyre on the Lebanese coast just before the Trojan war, c. Ragette suggests that the Trilithon stones were first cut from the bed-rock, using ‘metal picks’ and ‘some sort of quarrying machine’ that left concentric circular blows up to four meters in radius on some blocks surely an enigma in itself. Elevated above the lazy town of Baalbek is one of architecture’s greatest achievements.

Coelesyria[36] shows signs of almost continual habitation over the last 8— years. Through the foundation there run three enormous passages the size of railway tunnels. Legacy of the Roman Empire. There is no answer to this question until all the evidence has been presented in respect to the construction of the Great Platform, and it is in this area that we find some very contradictory evidence indeed.

Might it have been responsible for passing on these ancient maps to civilizations such as Egypt, c.

Yet an account of this same story given by a Chaldean writer named Thallusstates that instead of being banished to Tartarus, Gyges was ‘smitten, and fled to Tartessus’. Finally, it is said that having visited ‘the country of the south’ Cronus ‘gave all Egypt to the god Taautus, that it might be his kingdom’, 48 implying that he was its founder. Riyaq—Homs”Al Mashriq: It lays at a raised angle – the lowest part of its base still attached to the living rock – cut and ready to be broken free and transported to its presumed destination next to the Trilithonthe name given to the three great stones in ancient times.

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These plans were the most exact to be obtained at that time; the German Mission have provided us with more precise ones. With correspondence to modern geography. The area around the inscription of the eagle was greatly damaged by the earthquake. The entrance to the Temple of Bacchus in the s. Did the Roman architects of Baalbek chop and change their minds so easily?

The LevantHalden: Following his brothers’ murders, Muhammad was able to take Damascus in and gave Baalbek to his vizier Unur.

Other classical temple complexes have been built upon much earlier megalithic structures. The 6th-century chronicles of John Malalas of Antiochwhich claimed Baalbek alout a ” wonder of the world “, [62] credited most of the complex to the 2nd-century Antoninus Piusbut it is uncertain how reliable his account is on the point.

The Temple of Jupiter.

In the former edition of my book, I inserted two plans, one representing the original state of the temple, one showing their present con dition. He further adds that stones of this size and proportion were also employed ‘in the interest of appearance’.

Baalbek – Wikipedia

This quarry was slightly higher than the temple complex, [] [] so no lifting was required to move the stones.

Bbaalbek are also marriages, inter-marriages and incestuous relationships which produce a multitude of characters, many of whom act as symbols for the expansion of this mythical culture around the Levant and into Asia Minor modern Turkey. D by William John Ferrar. The Temple of Venus—also known as the Circular Temple or Nymphaeum [] —was added under Septimius Severus in the early 3rd century [ citation needed ] but destroyed under Constantinewho raised a basilica in its place.

The etymology of Baalbek has been debated indecisively [19] since the 18th century. What was the reasoning behind this decision? Curiously, the only surviving example of this treatise is an Arabic translation made by a native of Baalbek named Costa ibn Luka in around AD. The settlers of the Roman colony Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Heliopolitana may have arrived as early as the time of Caesar hustory [39] but were more probably the veterans of the 5th and 8th Legions under Augustus[31] [48] [18] during which time it hosted a Roman garrison.

Baalbek’s great sanctity was well-known even before the building of the temple, for it is said to have possessed a renowned oracle which, according to a Gaalbek grammarian and author named Macrobius fl. Jupiter was probably chosen to replace the much earlier worship of the Canaanite god Baal meaning ‘lord’ who had many characteristics in common with the Greek Zeus.

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Each night she takes on the form of a swallow to fly around the pillar. What exactly Lucian witnessed, and what was really behind this head tradition is utterly unfathomable, particularly as Lucian states that the head he saw was made of ‘Egyptian papyrus’.

More curious hishory his assertion that the god Taautus, the Phoenician form of the Egyptian Thoth or Tehuti and the Greek Hermes, was some kind of founder of the Egyptian Pharaonic culture which began c. Negroland by Charles H.

History of Baalbek · | OUR Heritage

The outer city held until October 10 and the citadel until the 21st, [75] when Unur surrendered upon a promise of safe passage. The giants, too, were linked with this terrible place, for they are cited by the first-century Roman writer Caius Julius Hyginus fl. Space-Time-Matter by Hermann Weyl. New Dawn Lf No. It never went off course and came via a ‘direct route’ to Byblos.

History of Baalbek

The tallest retaining wall, on the west, has a second course of monoliths containing the famous ” Three Stones ” Greek: Like the Hamadas, the Harfush emirs were involved on more than one occasion in the selection of Church officials and the running of local monasteries.

Yet if we were to accept this possibility, then we must also ask ourselves: A similar situation prevails in Egyptology, where in the late nineteenth, early twentieth centuries megalithic structures such the Valley Temple at Giza and the Osireion at Abydos were initially ascribed very early dates of construction by archaeologists before later being cited as contemporary to more modern structures placed in their general proximity. Aloufaptly put it: It will also be necessary to alpuf at the mythologies, not only of the earliest peoples of Lebanon, hsitory also the Hellenic Greeks.

Unfortunately this tells us very little about the site’s real age.

Local influences are seen in the planning and layout of the temples, as they vary from the classic Roman design. Dhali Kition Larnaca Lapathus Marion.

Baalbek’s citadel served as a jail for Crusaders taken by the Zengids as prisoners of war.