Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus. Jean-Louis Baudry, Alan Williams. FILM QUART, Vol. 28 No. 2, Winter, ; (pp. ) DOI. How do we interpret the ideological effects of the basic apparatus for viewing in ? What happens to the transcendental subject in the. Baudry, Jean Louis Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus.

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This scene would be repeated and reenacted in such a manner that the imaginary order activated by a specularization which takes place, everything considered, in reality lulfills its particular function of occultation or of filling the gap, the split, of the subject on the order of the signifier.

This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat Winter,pp.

The mirror stage is also where the subject becomes alienated from itself, and thus is introduced into the Imaginary order.

But the movement and continuity are the visible expression one might even say the projection of their relations, derived from the tiny discontinuities between the images.

First, film is the material basis for media such as photography and motion pictures. Apparatus theory also states that within the text’s perspective, the central position of the viewer is ideological.

Apparatus theory

Though mutually dependent from other points of view, decoupage [shot break- down before shooting] and montage [editing, or final assembly] must be distinguished because of the essential difference in the signifying raw material on which each operates: Think of it this way, the consciousness of the individual, the subject, becomes projected upon the film, as both the consciousness and the cinematic apparatus work in similar ways.

That is, the decoupage, which operates as language, is transformed but not translated or transcripted, because that is not possible through the apparatus of the camera into image, or exposed film, which is then transformed again, through the apparatuses that make editing possible, into a finished product. This is problematic for two reasons, 1. From the very fact that during the mirror stage is established a dual relation- ship, it constitutes, in conjunction with the for- mation of the self in the imaginary order, the nexus of secondary identification.


Baudry moves on to how he believes the subject is so able to become consciously enmeshed in the film. The relation between the individual frames and the projection would resemble the relation between points and a curve in geometry.

Full text of “Baudry, Jean Louis Ideological Effects of the Basic Cinematographic Apparatus”

Reynolds Roberto Kutcher W. The forms of basicc adopted, the contents, are of little importance so long as identification remains possible. Apparatus theory follows an institutional model of spectatorship.

For Bazin the invention of photography constitutes the most important even in the history of film. Everything hap- pens as if, the subject himself being unable — and for a reason — to account for his own situa- tion, it was necessary to substitute secondary organs, grafted on to replace his own defective ones, instruments or ideological formations ca- pable of filling his function as subject.

Whereas Carroll, in writing about multiplicity of media contained within film, is concerned particularly with the content of film, other scholars have formulated theories of film that encompass elements beyond the film proper.

As the camera follows the arc of a ball flying through the air, the frame itself mimics this arc, becomes an arc itself.

film | The Chicago School of Media Theory

This is indeed the paradox that emerges if we look directly at a strip of processed film: But only on one condition can these differences create this illusion: Another operation effected through instruments takes place when the finished product cinematographoc the film, which is a commodity that possesses exchange value, is transformed effdcts the apparatuses of the projector and the screen to become the filmic event which can then be consumed, which is a product with use value.


Manovich, The Language of New Media The film goes through transformations, effecst decoupage, the shot breakdown before shooting, to te. We must first establish the place of the in- strumental base in the set of operations which combine in the production of a film we omit consideration of economic implications.

Baudry then discusses the necessity of transcendence which he will touch upon more later in his essay. But here we must turn to the relation between the succession of images inscribed by the camera and their projection, bypassing momentarily the place occupied by montage, which plays a decisive role in the strategy of the ideology produced.

Between the two com- plementary stages of production a mutation of the signifying material takes place neither translation nor transcription, obviously, for the image is not reducible to language precisely where the camera is.

Publisher contact information may be obtained at http: These separate frames have between them differences that are indis- pensible for the creation of an illusion of con- tinuity, of a continuous passage movement, time.

The Language of New Media. Increasingly films are being edited with non-linear editing programs, which require the analog film stock to be digitized so that the film can be edited on computers. Though most technologies were photography-based, the Mutoscope 19th century and Zoetrope 19th centuryfor example, were devices that functioned in ways principally similar to film projection. However, the technology disguises how that reality is put together frame by frame.