Jan Rypka Chair of Persian Language and Literature Úvod > People > Visiting Professors > Jan Rypka Chair of Persian Language and Literature. Jan Rypka, PhDr., (May 28, , Kroměříž – December 29, , Prague ) was a prominent Czech orientalist, translator, professor of Iranology and. THE late Jan Rypka undoubtedly ranked among the foremost. European scholars in the Iranian field and he has left behind him a reputation equal to any of his.

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Jaj RypkaPhDr. Rypka’s father owned a small business. As a child he was given the Arabian Nights. He described the book’s effect on his life as breathing “mysterious forces there. Then in he obtained a Doctor of Philosophy in Islamic languages. After graduation Rypka set up a small business of translating Oriental texts. However, he soon left the business because he found a better job, even if not so rgpka related to his orientalist background, as he was appointed at the Viennese court and university printing office.

Rypka moved to Prague following the establishment of the independent Czechoslovak state.

There he devoted himself fully to Oriental studies. He also joined the civil service for a short time.

Jan Rypka (1886-1968)

In Aprilhe found work as a librarian. That same summer, he was granted a sabbatical leave to travel to Constantinople.

Rypka jzn in Constantinople for nearly a year and a half. In that ancient city he found ample opportunities to know and understand the Orient close up, an experience he put in the book he wrote about his stay in Turkey. Rypka once again began work at the Ministry of Education after returning from Constantinople.

Beginning in the sRypka moved his focus to Persian poetry. The central figure in his research was the Persian poet Nizami. Another jann his key subjects was the medieval poet Ferdowsi.

Rypka, Jan 1886-1968

In the fall of Rypka was invited by the Iranian government to attend the celebrations of the th anniversary of Ferdous’ birth. He ended up spending a full year in Iran, doing academic research. He wrote about his year in Iran in the popular book Iranian Fypka. Rypka was the driving force behind the establishment of the Man Instituteof which he rpyka one of the earliest members.

He is even credited with naming the institute’s archives, the Archive Oriental. His biggest achievement was the work on the history of Persian and Tajik literaturewhich was published in The work won critical acclaim from fellow professionals and was translated into many languages.

Rypka moved to Prague following the establishme He was suspected of heresy, and is thought to have died in Literary History of Persia. Four volumes, 2, pages, and twenty-five years in the writing. He was born in Sahar near Arrah, Tabriz and was the most famous panegyrist of his time in Iran. His work has aroused the interest of historians, for in many cases Qatran has perpetuated the names of members of regional dynasties in Azerbayjan and the Caucasus region that would have otherwise fallen in oblivion.


His best qasidas were written in his rypkx period, where he expressed gratitude to the prince of Ganja, the Shaddadid Fad His ancestors came from the ancient Iranian city of Sanjan in Khorasan located jn present-day Turkmenistan. Fleeing the Seljuq invasion that would eventually conquer large parts of Persia, his ancestors settled in Gilan in the late 11th century. Taj Al-Din Zahed Gilani was able to rypa cultural and religious influence on the Ilkhanid rulers —descendants of Genghis Khan, History Bruno von Schauenburg, bishop of Olomouc.

Jan Rypka Chair of Persian Language and Literature | Department of Middle Eastern Studies

The settlement, inhabited by Slavs since at least the 7th century, was founded in by Bruno von Schauenburg, bishop of Olomouc. Bruno established what was to become the famous Archbishop’s Palace.

The town was badly damage He was born in the historical region known as Shirvan located now in present country of Azerbaijanunder the Shirvanshah a vassal of the Seljuq empire and died in Tabriz, Iran. Khaqani’s mother, originally of Nestorian faith, later accepted Islam. The poet himself had a remarkable knowledge of Christianity, and his poetry is profused with Christian imagery and symbols. He claimed to become a speaker of Georgian language. His master in poetry wa Azraqi was an eminent panegyrist.

He also wrote a version of the Sandbad nama. Except for his qasidehs, none of the latter remain. He died in CE. Omar Khayyam ; Persian: As a mathematician, he is most notable for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations, where he provided geometric solutions by the intersection of conics. Life Omar Khayyam was Abul Faraj Runi Persian: His family came from Nishapur in Khorasan. He died at the turn of the 11thth century.

The Delhi Sultanate literature began with the rise of Persian speaking people to the throne of the Sultanate of Delhi, naturally resulted in the spread of the Persian language in India.

It was the official language and soon literary works in the language began to appear. Initially Persian literature talked about topics which were familiar to those from Persia. Gradually however as more Indians learnt the language, the literary works began to have a more Indian theme.

Jan Rypka | Revolvy

Amir Khusrav[1][2][3] was a noted writer of the period, who was one of the first writers to write Persian literature about events concerning India. His inspiration came from events he saw around, his work soon grew to be appreciated and he became a court poet. Sanskrit continued to remain an important language of the time, and despite the increasing influence of Persian, it was able to hold its ground. Many preferred Sanskrit poets as they were more established and experienced than those that worked in the new languages.

A centre for Sanskrit le He was the mayor of the Ilkhanate palace, in the era of the sultan Abu Sa’id. He was murdered because of the struggle for succession. He was a patron of literature. The sumptuously illustrated Great Mongol Shahnameh, sometimes identified with the name of Demotte, a dealer who once owned itwas probably made for him.


A Literary History of Persia. Rumi has been described as the “most popular poet”[11] and the “best selling poet” in the United States. Originating from Merv, and in some accounts Herat, he was a follower of the panegyric school of poetry of Unsuri in Khorasan.

His Divan does not remain. He was born of an urban[12] background in Ganja Seljuq[1] empire, now Azerbaijan and is believed to have spent his whole life in South Caucasus. According to De Blois, Ganja was a city which at that time had predominantly an Iranian populat The work survives in a unique manuscript at Istanbul in picture.

He also wrote some qasidas. No reliable information about Ayyuqi has come down. See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to Varka and Golshah. List of Persian poets and authors Persian literature References Dj.

Retrieved February 26, Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of the Indian subcontinent. He was a mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi. He wrote poetry primarily in Persian, but also in Hindavi. Originating from Bukhara, he was an imposing poet that carried the title amir al-shu’ara “Amir of poets” in the Khaqanid courts.

An excellent panegyrist and composer of elegies, he was praised by Anvari. His mathnavi no longer exists, but it is said to have been written on the story of Yusof and Zoleikha Joseph and Potiphar’s wife. It is said that he lived a long life of over years and died in CE.

Born in CE and originating from Merv, he paid flattery first and foremost to the courts of the Samanids, but also to the Abbasids and Ghaznavids, particularly Mahmud of Ghazni. He is said to have later converted to Shia Islam. The Seven Beauties Persian: This poem is a part of the Nizami’s Khamsa. jaan

There is also uncritical edition by Wahid Dastgerdi Tehran, and reprints and an edition by His famous work, Nezam al-Tawarikh contains an historical account of Fars Province. His life and poems have been the subject of much rypia, commentary and interpretation, influencing postth century Persian writing more than any other author.

Hafez primarily wrote in the literary g Biography Information about Attar’s life is rare and scarce. It seems that he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered jzn the 15th century. He jqn between and Dedicated to Bahram Shah, the work expresses the poet’s ideas on God, love, philosophy and reason.