MANSABDARI SYSTEM Discuss the evolution of Mansabdari system under Akbar. The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar and as a system and. I must also reiterate that this system wasnt exclusively Akbar’s ‘creation’ as generally believed, it was part of an evolutionary process of administrative reforms. The mansabdari system, introduced by Akbar, is a standout feature of the Mughal administration. Under this system, every officer of the Mughal empire was.

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As above-mentioned mansabdars were paid either in cash naqd or in the form of assignments of areas of land jagir out of which they had the entitlement to collect the land revenue and all other taxes through an authority lf by the emperor.

They were rather, transferred from the civil to military service and vice versa. Already have an account? It was an organization of civil, military ecclesiastical services rolled into one office.

Contribution in Arts and Architecture. Each mansabdar was expected to maintain prescribed number akbaar horses, elephants, and equipment, according to his rank and dignity. Zat fixed the personal status of a person and the salary due to him. Mansabdars and their large forces were used to expand the empire and administer it effectively.

By regulating the maintenance of the horses and horsemen, military efficiency increased. Initially the system was not hereditary, a mansab was given to an official on the basis of merit and could be enhanced or lowered. Asked by nagarajpandu 1st January Akbar was the greatest emperor of the Mughal era, and he organized the whole army based on Mansabdari system.

Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration

The Emperor was authorized to appoint anyone as Mansabdar and sywtem any rank. Please log in again! Classification of Mansabdari System. The more exalted aystem between commanders of 7, and 10, were reserved for the royal princes. The Mansabdars were paid according to their ranks. The Mansabdars were required to to maintain a fix number of troops and other equipments such as; horses, elephants, camels, mules, carfts, etc.


Retrieved from ” https: Difference in the categories of mansabdars: Both civil and military officers held mansabs and were liable to be transferred from one branch of the administration to another.

Akbar gave mansabs to both military and civil officers based on their merit or service to the state. There were no such rules to regulate appointments, promotions and dismissals of the mansabdar. Your session has expired for security reasons or you may have logged in from another location. Apart from the khanzads, several mansabdars were recruited from the zamindars chieftains. The mansabs were from 10, in the beginning but later they were enhanced upto 50, Till the middle of Akbar’s reign, the highest rank an ordinary officer could hold was that of a commander of 5, Different views have been expressed regarding these terms.

Since the property of mansabdars will be confiscated by the state after their deaths, they tend to spend lavishly during their lifetimes.

Mansabdari System

It is noteworthy that most of the Mansabdars were foreigners or were of Central Asian, Turk, Persian and Afghan origin, though there were also a small number of Indians who also got appointments as mansabdars.

Dishonest mansabdars and officials used to ally together during inspection, borrowed horses from one another and showed their full quota. The soldiers had to fight in war and also perform duty of police in the state. Then, it was first introduced by Babur in North India. The mansabdars constituted the ruling section in the imperial structure. The mansabdars got their salaries from the emperor and paid salaries to their troops by themselves.

In short, they had no option but to spoil their earning. The mansab or rank was designated by dual representation – one by systwm rank called zat and the other by wystem rank called sawar. Certain groups began to be identified with certain qualities-Rajput and Pathan soldiers were considered most valuable for their martial prowess and fidelity, for instance.


Additionally, there was no distinction between the civil and military departments. The Mansabdars were allowed to recruit their own troops from their races. The revenue that was generated through their jagir was handed over to them and the same was deducted from their salary. Log In Sign Up. Even if Akbar did come to know of the misconduct of his senior officers in this regard, he could not take action against each one of them.

Mansabdar – Wikipedia

During the early reign of Akbar, the lowest grade was ten and the highest was 12, The sawar rank was equal or less than the zat and the actual position of the mansabdar were to be identified by the zat. Sometimes, they were also paid in jagirs.

So they were called Mansabdars of 10, 20,and and so on. During Mughal Akbar’s reign the mansabs ranks ranged from 10 to 5, troops.

It was a grading system used by the Mughals to decide rank, salary and military responsibilities. Difference in the highest mansab: Reduction in the number of soldiers: The word mansab is of Arabic origin meaning rank or position. Therefore, Mansabdar means an officer or the holder of the rank, status, and post.

Verification Code Sent Successfully. This law or rule was known as zabti. The term manasabadar means a person in old times who has a positioning or ranking of a government can give power.